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Audio Description Training and Education Resources

This page is divided into the following sections:

Audio Describer Training

There are very limited opportunities to get trained as an audio describer.  Training is often held in conjunction with conferences.  Here we list the few opportunities that we know about, and we solicit information from anyone who is offering training opportunities for audio describers anywhere in the world!  The programs are listed in the order of next-scheduled training.

Audio Description Training Retreats in NC

AD Training Retreats

Jan Vulgaropulos and Colleen Connor offer Audio Description Training Retreats (latest offering) at locations in North Carolina.  Their all-inclusive price for retreats covers 4 nights lodging, meals, and 20 hours of formal classes plus materials.  A discount is available for students willing to share a room.  And typically you are a short distance from lake or ocean!

The next Retreat is March 15-19, 2018, in a lake house in the mountains of North Carolina, where all lodging, classes, and meals will be held.  There will be two instructors:  an audio describer, and a consumer of audio description (and her guide dog Joplin!).  Transportation to and from the Charlotte, NC (CLT) airport, with arrival Thursday afternoon (3/15) and departure Monday morning, (3/19), will be included.  There will be 20 hours of formal classes on Friday (3/16), Saturday (3/17) and Sunday (3/18), including generous practice time during classes, with informal learning and networking after hours.

Visit the Audio Description Training Retreats website and/or contact Jan and Colleen for more information at

Note:  The Training Retreat is not sponsored by the ACB or the Audio Description Project.

Audio Description Institute (ADI)

ACB Audio Description Logo ADP Logo

ADI is held annually at the ACB's Annual Conference in JULY each year, plus several other times throughout the year. 

Most Recent Class:  February 24-26, 2018 in Alexandria, Virginia.  Read the Institute Annoucement.  ADI is taught at several other places throughout the year, so check back for the next scheduled training.  (Tentative:  St. Louis, July 4-6.)

The following information is generic and applies to all of the ADI training programs:


1) audio description history and theory
2) the "Four Fundamentals of Audio Description" ©
3) active seeing/visual literacy-developing skills in concentration and observation
4) the art of "editing" what you see
5) vivid language: "The Visual Made Verbal"™
6) "Speak the speech, I pray you"--using the spoken word to make meaning


- Three full days of intensive, interactive training
- Last day luncheon will be provided
- Registration for the ACB Conference and Convention are included
- Registration for the ADP Conference is available at a discounted rate

Details:  Read about a recent training (reference only after the current training passes)

ADI Graduates, February 2017
Graduates of the February 2017 ADI Class in Virginia

NOTE!  The ADI is taught by the director of the Audio Description Project, Dr Joel Snyder, who has taught audio description all over the world and obtained his doctorate degree in the subject.  In July 2014 he published a book based on his work with audio description:  The Visual Made Verbal, available for under $20 by clicking the link.  The book is given to each workshop participant.

Developing Audio Description Skills 

Lead Conference

This training is held annually at the LEAD Conference, which is generally held in August.  The mission of the conference is "to explore practical methods for implementing accessibility in cultural environments [and] share resources and knowledge, develop best practices, and experience accessibility in action."

The first two days of the Conference are typically called Capacity Building Workshops, and a typical class would be entitled An Introduction to Developing Audio Description Skills.

This full day interactive workshop will introduce the foundation of audio description, the “3 Core Skills” and its application to live performance and exhibit/museum disciplines. Attendees will experience the practical application of the core skills through participatory exercises, lectures, and demonstrations in a shared setting. This workshop is recommended for those both new to audio description, as well as those looking to refresh and expand their basic skills.

A second workshop is often held on a different AD topic.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, you can review the 2017 LEAD Conference.

Note: the LEAD Conference and its Audio Description training is not sponsored by the ACB or the Audio Description Project.

Audio Describer Training in Raleigh/Durham/RTP Area of NC

Arts Access Logo

Arts Access Inc. of Raleigh, NC, holds audio describer training annually and will conduct special classes for groups, including travelling to their location, if requested.  Participants will learn:

The last class was in January 2018. 

For more information:  email Betsy Ludwig; or call Arts Access at 919-833-9919.

Note:  This training program is not sponsored by the ACB or the Audio Description Project.

Educational Description

Here we list pointers to information about audio description in education, both for training and for acquisition of the end product.  DCMP refers to the Described and Captioned Media Program.

Best Practices for the Digital Enviroment

Academic Articles

The History of Audio Description - Seminal Document Now Available

We are pleased to make available a copy of Gregory Frazier's May 1975 Master's thesis on audio description, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman: An All-Audio Adaptation of the Teleplay for the Blind and Visually Handicapped.

Joel Snyder discusses the document in his book, The Visual Made Verbal: A Comprehensive Training Manual and Guide to the History and Applications of Audio Description, published by the American Council of the Blind in 2014. In the book, Dr. Snyder notes that:

"On the U.S.'s west coast: Gregory Frazier, a professor at San Francisco State University, formally developed the concepts behind audio description and general guidelines for its use. In its 1996 obituary of Gregory T. Frazier, the New York Times called Frazier 'a San Francisco visionary who hit on the idea of providing simultaneous electronic audio descriptions for the blind so they could enjoy more than the dialogue of movies, television and theater performances.'

"In the early 1970s, Frazier was relaxing at his home with a friend who happened to be blind. The evening's entertainment? High Noon with Gary Cooper, playing on television. The NY Times article relates that 'At the friend's request, Frazier, speaking rapidly between the lines of dialogue, provided terse descriptions of the scenes and actions. The friend was so appreciative that by the time Gary Cooper had shot Frank Miller dead, ripped the star off his own chest and thrown it to the ground before climbing into a carriage and driving off with Grace Kelly, Mr. Frazier … was a changed man.'

"Frazier realized that the concise descriptions he provided for his friend extemporaneously could be thought-through, edited, recorded and played through FM radio receivers at movies - or carried over secondary audio channels on television. Frazier, a graduate of San Francisco State University, returned to college to obtain a Master's degree in broadcast journalism, developing a thesis-'television for the blind'- that explored the use of description to enhance the 1974 television production of The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.

"In 1991, Mr. Frazier founded the non-profit corporation AudioVision SF to provide description for the performing arts in San Francisco-area venues. AudioVision SF still exists, providing description on a regular basis for theater performances throughout the Bay Area. In 2010, Audio Vision SF and Gregory Frazier posthumously received the Barry Levine Memorial Lifetime Achievement Award in Audio Description, presented by the American Council of the Blind's Audio Description Project."

Other Academic Articles

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